Business taxes


5 Mid-Year Tax Checkup Strategies for Therapists

13 Minutes Read

Strategies for Therapists: 5 Mid-Year Tax Checkup Tips for Maximizing Deductions and Planning for Tax Season



Taxes can be challenging for private practice therapists yet mastering them impacts their success. Are you maximizing your earnings while remaining compliant?

This article details five key strategies for optimizing your tax situation, including understanding tax-deductible expenses, creating a list of tax write-offs, and managing payroll efficiently.

Further reading: Should You File Your Own Taxes as a Therapist?

What are the tax implications for a private practice therapist?

Understanding Tax Obligations for Private Practice Therapists

Self-Employment Taxes

As a private practice therapist, you’re considered self-employed. This means you’re responsible for paying self-employment taxes covering Social Security and Medicare. Currently, the self-employment tax rate is 15.3%, which includes 12.4% for Social Security and 2.9% for Medicare.

You’ll need to calculate this tax on your net earnings, which is your total income minus business expenses. It’s crucial to keep track of your income and expenses throughout the tax year to avoid surprises.

Estimated Quarterly Taxes

Unlike salaried employees, you don’t have taxes withheld from your paycheck. Instead, you must make estimated tax payments quarterly to cover your income tax and self-employment tax. These payments are due April 15, June 15, September 15, and January 15 of the following year.

You’ll need to project your income, deductions, and credits for the year to calculate your estimated tax. Use IRS Form 1040-ES to help with these calculations. Staying on top of these payments helps you avoid underpayment penalties and ensures you don’t face a large tax bill in April.

Business Structure and Tax Implications

  • Sole Proprietorship: This is the simplest structure and requires minimal paperwork. However, you’re personally liable for all business debts, and all profits are subject to self-employment tax.
  • Limited Liability Company (LLC): An LLC offers liability protection, separating your assets from business debts. It provides flexibility in how you’re taxed; you can be taxed as a sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation.
  • S Corporation (S corp): An S-corp can provide tax benefits by allowing you to take a reasonable salary and receive the remaining profits as distributions, which are not subject to self-employment tax. But it requires more paperwork and adherence to corporate formalities.
  • C Corporation (C corp): A C corporation, or C corp, is a common business structure where the company is taxed separately from its owners (shareholders). This means the company pays taxes on its profits, and then shareholders pay taxes again on any dividends they receive from its profits. This double taxation is a disadvantage of C corporations, but they also offer advantages like limited liability protection for shareholders and the ability to raise capital by issuing shares.

5 Mid-Year Tax Checkup Strategies for Therapists

1. Review Year-to-Date Income and Expenses

Mid-year is the perfect time to write down and review your income and expenses. This helps you see if you’re on track with your financial goals and identify areas where you can cut costs or boost revenue.

By assessing your income for taxes, you can ensure you’re not missing any tax-deductible expenses. A detailed list of tax-related items you’ve paid and incurred can make a big difference when filing your taxes.

2. Adjust Estimated Tax Payments

After reviewing your finances, you might need to adjust your estimated tax payments. If your income has increased, consider making higher payments to avoid a large tax bill later. This is especially important if you’ve seen more clients or increased your revenue.

Use your accounting software to project your future income and calculate new estimated payments. By adjusting now, you can better manage your budget and avoid surprises when paying taxes is time.

3. Evaluate Retirement Contributions

Check your contributions to retirement accounts like IRAs or SEP IRAs. If your cash flow allows, mid-year is a good time to increase contributions. This reduces your taxable income and helps you save for the future.

Consider setting up a flat monthly payment to build your retirement fund consistently. Contributions to these accounts are tax-deductible, so they’re a smart way to lower your tax bill while planning for retirement.

Further reading: How to Save for Retirement as a Therapist

4. Organize and Update Financial Records

Make sure your financial records are up to date. Reconcile bank statements, categorize expenses correctly, and keep all receipts. Start tracking all deductible expenses now, so you’re not scrambling at the end of the year.

Good bookkeeping and accounting practices are essential for self-employed therapists. They help you stay organized and ready for tax season. By keeping your personal and business finances separate, you can ensure that everything is accounted for properly.

5. Plan for Year-End Tax Deductions

Start planning for potential year-end tax deductions. Consider upcoming expenses that can be paid in advance, like professional development courses, new office equipment, or membership in a professional organization. This can help maximize your deductions for the current year.

Set aside a budget for these purchases to manage your finances better. Consult a business advisor if you’re unsure about what expenses are deductible. Planning ahead can help you take full advantage of tax benefits and ensure you don’t miss out on any opportunities to reduce your tax liability.

Deductible Expenses for Therapists in Private Practice

Office Space and Utilities

If you rent an office, you can deduct the rent and related utilities. If you work from home, you can claim a home office deduction. The space must be used exclusively for your therapy practice, and you can deduct a portion of your home expenses, such as mortgage interest, rent, utilities, and home insurance, based on the percentage of your home used for business purposes.

Professional Services and Supplies

You can deduct expenses for professional services that are necessary for your therapy practice. This includes professional liability insurance, licensing fees, and any supplies you use for therapy sessions, such as notebooks, pens, and therapeutic aids. Keeping detailed records of these expenses is essential for maximizing your tax deductions.

Continuing Education and Training

Ongoing education is essential for staying licensed and up to date with the latest practices. Expenses for workshops, seminars, conferences, and courses related to your profession are deductible.

This also includes related travel expenses, such as airfare, hotel, and meals if you need to travel for training. Always save receipts and maintain a log of your educational activities to ensure these deductions are properly documented.

Record-Keeping Best Practices

Maintaining Accurate Financial Records

Good record-keeping is essential for both tax preparation and financial health. Track your income and expenses monthly and categorize them properly to make tax time easier. Keep all receipts and document every business expense.

This will help you stay organized and prepared for tax season. Make a complete list of tax-deductible expenses so you don't miss any potential write-offs. By keeping your financial records in order, you can accurately forecast how much you’ll owe in taxes and set aside the necessary funds.

Using Accounting Software

Investing in accounting software can simplify the record-keeping process and ensure accuracy. Popular options like QuickBooks and Xero help you keep track of your income, expenses, and tax deductions. These all-in-one tools can automatically categorize expenses, generate reports, and even integrate with your bank accounts.

This is especially useful for self-employed therapists who must stay organized and prepare for tax season. Good accounting software can also help you track qualified business income (QBI) for the QBI deduction for therapists, making it easier to file your taxes.

Tracking Business Mileage

If you travel for business, keeping a detailed mileage log is necessary for claiming deductions. Use a mileage tracking app to record your trips automatically, ensuring you capture all deductible miles.

This can significantly reduce your taxable income and help you pay your taxes more efficiently. Tracking mileage is a straightforward way to maximize your tax deductions and ensure you’re taking advantage of every possible write-off.

Tax Preparation Tips and Resources

Staying Informed About Tax Law Changes

Tax laws change frequently, and staying informed is crucial. Follow updates from the IRS and consult with your tax advisor regularly to ensure you’re taking advantage of all available deductions and credits.

This helps you avoid surprises and ensures you’re compliant with current tax regulations. Using automatic tax software updates can also help you stay current with tax law changes.

Preparing for Tax Season

Organizing your financial documents and understanding the tax forms you'll need can make tax season less stressful. Start by gathering all your income and expense records and use tax software to help you file your taxes accurately. Set aside time each month to review your financials so you’re not scrambling at the last minute.

A complete list of tax-deductible expenses, such as membership fees for professional organizations and costs of membership in continuing education programs, can help reduce your taxable income. By keeping your records in order and using effective bookkeeping and accounting practices, you’ll be better prepared for tax season.

Working with a Tax Professional

Partnering with a tax professional who understands the unique needs of therapists can ensure compliance and optimize tax savings. They can provide tailored tax advice, help you understand your tax obligations, and assist with filing your tax return.

If you ever get audited, a professional can help you navigate the process and provide the necessary documentation. When hiring a tax professional, look for someone who is familiar with the complexities of solo therapists and small business owners.

Key Takeaways

  1. Apply Tax Deductions: You’d want to apply a list of tax-deductible expenses, such as office rent and supplies, to reduce your taxable income.
  2. Self-Employment Tax: As a pass-through entity, you need to worry about self-employment tax, which affects your take-home pay.
  3. Estimated Payments: Keep track of how much you paid in estimated taxes quarterly in 2023 to avoid penalties and combine these records for accurate filing.
  4. Retirement Plans: In your first year, you might like to set up a SEP-IRA or solo 401(k) for tax advantages and retirement savings.
  5. Professional Advice: A person should consult a tax professional to dive into specifics, as general advice does not constitute legal guidance.

How can Taxfyle help?

Finding an accountant to manage your bookkeeping and file taxes is a big decision. Luckily, you don't have to handle the search on your own.

At Taxfyle, we connect small businesses with licensed, experienced CPAs or EAs in the US. We handle the hard part of finding the right tax professional by matching you with a Pro who has the right experience to meet your unique needs and will manage your bookkeeping and file taxes for you.

Legal Disclaimer

Tickmark, Inc. and its affiliates do not provide legal, tax or accounting advice. The information provided on this website does not, and is not intended to, constitute legal, tax or accounting advice or recommendations. All information prepared on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be relied on for legal, tax or accounting advice. You should consult your own legal, tax or accounting advisors before engaging in any transaction. The content on this website is provided “as is;” no representations are made that the content is error-free.

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May 21, 2024


Antonio Del Cueto, CPA

Antonio Del Cueto, CPA


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