Taxes 101


Tax Season 2024 Tax Credit Changes: Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and Child Tax Credit  For Tax Year 2023 on IRS Form 8862

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2024 Tax Season IRS Tax Credit Changes: Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and Child Tax Credit with Guidelines for 2023 Tax Year on Tax Form 8862



The 2024 tax season brings significant updates to key tax credits, particularly the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and Child Tax Credit. This article delves into the intricacies of these changes, offering a comprehensive guide to taxpayers. If you want to maximize your tax benefits or stay informed, this read is essential.

What Is the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) for the 2024 Tax Season?

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a significant provision for low- to moderate-income taxpayers. Designed as a refundable tax credit, it primarily benefits working individuals and families who earn income below a certain threshold. The EITC amount varies based on several factors, including the taxpayer's income level, filing status (such as single, married filing jointly, or head of household), and the number of qualifying children they have. The IRS adjusts the income limits and credit amounts annually to account for inflation and economic changes, making it crucial for taxpayers to stay updated with the latest information for the 2024 tax year. The EITC can reduce the tax owed and may result in a refund if the credit exceeds the taxpayer's tax liability.

How Can Taxpayers Claim the EITC Without a Qualifying Child?

Taxpayers without a qualifying child can still claim the EITC but must meet specific criteria set by the IRS. These criteria include age and residency requirements, as well as income thresholds. To be eligible, a taxpayer must be at least 25 years old but under 65 at the end of the tax year, cannot be the dependent of another person, and must have lived in the United States for more than half the year. Additionally, their earned income and adjusted gross income (AGI) must fall below certain limits, which are updated yearly. Understanding and meeting these requirements is essential for eligible taxpayers to take advantage of the EITC and potentially increase their tax refunds.

Understanding the Child Tax Credit for 2024 Tax Season: What's New?

The Child Tax Credit is a crucial component of the tax system that provides financial relief to taxpayers with dependent children. In 2024, the credit may see adjustments in the credit amounts, eligibility criteria, and the claim process to align with the changing economic conditions. These updates could include changes in the credit value per child, modifications in the income thresholds for eligibility, and potential alterations in the refundability of the credit. Staying informed about these changes is vital for families to fully benefit from the credit and support their financial needs more effectively.

Who Qualifies for the Earned Income Credit for the 2024 Tax Season?

Eligibility for the EITC in 2024 is determined based on income limits, filing status, and the presence of qualifying children. The income limits are set to target the credit to low- to moderate-income individuals and families. The filing status, whether single, married filing jointly, or head of household, also impacts eligibility and the credit amount. Having qualifying children increases the credit amount, with the number of children factored into the calculation. However, taxpayers without children can still qualify if they meet the other criteria. It is essential for taxpayers to review the specific income thresholds and requirements to determine their eligibility for the EITC.

Calculating Your EITC: Factors Influencing the Credit Amount

The amount of EITC a taxpayer is eligible for depends on their adjusted gross income (AGI), the number of qualifying children, and their filing status. The IRS provides tables and calculators to help taxpayers determine their potential EITC amount. Factors such as earned income, investment income, and AGI are crucial in the calculation. The credit increases with each qualifying child, up to a maximum limit. Taxpayers need to ensure their income falls within the specified range and that their qualifying children meet the IRS's age, relationship, residency, and joint return tests.

Calculating the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) for the 2024 Tax Season

Factors Influencing EITC Calculation:

  1. Earned Income and Adjusted Gross Income (AGI): The amount of earned income and AGI must fall within certain limits.
  2. Number of Qualifying Children: The credit amount increases with the number of qualifying children.
  3. Filing Status: Single, Married Filing Jointly, Head of Household, etc.

Example Calculation:

Suppose a single taxpayer with two qualifying children has an earned income and an AGI of $25,000 in 2024. The EITC amount for this scenario would be determined based on the EITC table provided by the IRS for that tax year.

For illustration, let's assume the EITC amount for a taxpayer with two qualifying children and an income of $25,000 is $5,500. This means the taxpayer would be eligible to claim an EITC of $5,500 on their 2024 tax return.

Calculating the Child Tax Credit for the 2024 Tax Season

Factors Influencing Child Tax Credit Calculation:

  1. Age of the Child: The child must be under a certain age (typically under 17).
  2. Income Limits: The credit amount phases out at higher income levels.
  3. Number of Qualifying Children: The credit amount is per qualifying child.

Example Calculation:

Let's say a taxpayer has two qualifying children under the age of 17 and a modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) of $75,000. If the Child Tax Credit for 2024 is $2,000 per child, the taxpayer could claim a total of $4,000.

However, the credit amount may be reduced if the taxpayer's income is above a certain threshold. For instance, if the phase-out starts at $200,000 for single filers, the taxpayer with an MAGI of $75,000 would still be eligible for the full credit of $4,000.

Child Tax Credit for the 2024 Tax Season: Eligibility and Claim Process

The Child Tax Credit for 2024 is designed to provide financial assistance to families with dependent children. Eligibility for this credit is based on the age of the child, the taxpayer's income, and their filing status. Children must be under a certain age, typically 17, and be claimed as dependents on the taxpayer's return. The process for claiming the credit involves including the relevant information on the tax return, such as the child's Social Security number. Taxpayers should be aware of the income thresholds that affect the credit amount and its refundability.

Impact of EITC and Child Tax Credit on Your Tax Refund

Both the EITC and the Child Tax Credit can significantly impact a taxpayer's refund. These credits can reduce the amount of tax owed and, in some cases, may result in a refund if the credit amount exceeds the taxpayer's tax liability. The EITC is particularly impactful as it is a refundable credit, meaning taxpayers can receive a refund even if they have no tax liability. The Child Tax Credit, also partially refundable, provides additional financial support to families with children, potentially increasing their overall tax refund.

Taxpayer Responsibilities: Reporting and Compliance for EITC

Claiming the EITC requires adherence to IRS guidelines and accurate reporting. Taxpayers must provide correct income information and verify the eligibility of any qualifying children. Compliance involves ensuring that all income is reported, including any earned from self-employment or other sources. Taxpayers must also accurately calculate their credit based on their income, filing status, and the number of qualifying children. Failure to comply with these requirements can lead to audits, penalties, or disqualification from claiming the EITC in future tax years.

2024 vs 2023 Changes: How the IRS is Adjusting EITC and Child Tax Credit

In 2024, the IRS has implemented changes to the EITC and the Child Tax Credit to reflect current economic conditions and legislative updates. These changes may include adjustments to income limits, credit amounts, and eligibility criteria. Understanding these changes is crucial for taxpayers to claim the correct amounts and adhere to the latest regulations. Taxpayers should stay informed about these updates, which can be found on the IRS website or through tax professionals.

For the 2023 tax year, the maximum EITC amounts were as follows:

  • No qualifying children: $560
  • One qualifying child: $3,733
  • Two qualifying children: $6,164
  • Three or more qualifying children: $6,935

For the tax year 2023, the Child Tax Credit returned to its pre-2021 amount and structure, following the temporary expansion in 2021 under the American Rescue Plan. The key aspects for 2023 were:

  1. Credit Amount: The Child Tax Credit was $2,000 per qualifying child under the age of 17 at the end of the tax year.
  2. Refundability: Up to $1,500 of the credit was refundable. This meant that if the credit exceeded the taxpayer's income tax liability, they could still receive up to $1,500 as a refund.
  3. Income Phase-Outs: The credit began to phase out for taxpayers with higher incomes. The phase-out started at:
  • $200,000 for single filers and head of household filers.
  • $400,000 for married couples filing jointly.

These income thresholds were significantly higher than the temporarily lowered thresholds in 2021.

Strategies for Maximizing Your Federal Tax Credits for the 2024 Tax Season

To maximize tax credits for the 2024 Tax Season, taxpayers should plan carefully and stay informed about the latest tax laws and changes. Utilizing tax software or consulting with tax professionals can help accurately determine credit eligibility and amounts. Keeping thorough records of income and expenses, especially for those with self-employment income, is crucial. Additionally, understanding the specific requirements for each credit and ensuring all qualifying criteria are met can lead to a more substantial tax refund and better financial outcomes.

More insights

Strategy Description Benefits
Claim the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) If you have earned income and meet certain requirements, you may be eligible for the EITC. This refundable credit can significantly reduce your tax liability or even result in a refund. The EITC is one of the most valuable tax credits available to low- and middle-income taxpayers. Depending on your income and family size, you could receive a credit of up to $7,830 in 2024.
Take advantage of the Child Tax Credit (CTC) The CTC is a credit for each qualifying child under the age of 17. The credit amount is based on your income and the number of children you have. The CTC can provide valuable financial assistance to families with children. In 2024, you could receive a credit of up to $2,000 per child.
Claim the Child and Dependent Care Credit If you pay for care for a qualifying child or dependent so you can work or look for work, you may be eligible for this credit. This credit can help offset the cost of childcare and other care expenses, which can be a significant financial burden for many families.
Contribute to a retirement account Contributing to a traditional IRA or 401(k) can reduce your taxable income for the year, which can save you on taxes. Retirement savings plans offer a number of tax benefits, including tax deductions for contributions and tax-deferred growth of your investments.
Claim credits for education expenses If you are paying for college or other education expenses, you may be eligible for credits such as the American Opportunity Tax Credit or the Lifetime Learning Credit. These credits can help make education more affordable by reducing the amount of taxes you owe.
Take advantage of energy efficiency credits If you make energy-efficient improvements to your home, you may be eligible for credits such as the Residential Energy Efficient Property Credit or the Nonbusiness Energy Property Credit. These credits can help you save money on your energy bills and reduce your carbon footprint.
Claim credits for healthcare expenses If you pay for certain healthcare expenses, you may be eligible for credits such as the Medical Expense Deduction or the Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled. These credits can help offset the cost of healthcare, which can be a significant expense for many people.


 It is important for individuals to understand their tax situation and be aware of the various elements that make up their tax bill. This includes understanding the federal income tax, individual income tax, tax filing process, and knowing the tax rate for their taxable income. Additionally, individuals should be knowledgeable about credits such as the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and understand the amount of the credit they may qualify for. By being informed about these factors, individuals can ensure they take advantage of any available tax benefits and credits to minimize their tax liability. It is also important to stay updated on any changes to the tax laws and regulations set forth by the Internal Revenue Service. A thorough understanding of one’s tax situation can help individuals effectively manage and plan for their tax obligations, maximizing their financial stability.

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November 15, 2023


Luis Rivero, CPA

Luis Rivero, CPA


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